Okay, I have a good looking female bulldog and she is healthy and strong so I may as well breed her and get in on the selling puppies for a thousand dollars each and make some big money. Okay, I have plenty of time and can take a couple of weeks off from work to tend to the pups. And I am prepared to put out the extra cash it is going to cost to take care of the pups. And I know some people who would be anxious to purchase a puppy when they are ready. And I know someone who has a male bulldog and am sure they would let me use him for a stud. And I know for sure that my bulldog comes from good healthy bloodlines and will not produce some pup with a defect surfacing from somewhere way back in my bulldog’s ancestry. And I know that that stud dog down the road looks great and I don’t have any reason to suspect there would be any hereditary defect he might pass on to my pups. So why not? I am going to breed, produce some beautiful bulldog puppies and then sell them and make a profit.

Sounds great, doesn’t it? And easy enough to handle BUT it is certainly not that easy and certainly not an endeavor you would want to take on before giving it some very deep thought. Think about your bulldog and how proud you are that she is healthy and strong. Do you know her background and the condition of all the puppies born along with her in that litter? Do you know anything about the stud dog other than he is beautiful?

If you purchased your bulldog from an established breeder, then start there. Ask the breeder all about the relatives of your bulldog and ask how the breeder feels about your bulldog becoming a mom. What should you be aware of when the pups are born and if you can see the dam, sire, grandparents and perhaps some of the litter mates. This is called doing your homework.

Then when everything looks favorable on your bulldog’s side, do your homework on the desired stud dog. Never choose a stud dog just because he is available. You want to produce bulldogs that will conform to the ‘standards’ set for a good quality bulldog. You want to produce bulldogs that you will be proud to have others know came from you and yours. The best way to go about selecting the stud is to start by listing all the good qualities versus the bad (or undesirable) qualities of your female. Keep in mind that there are no ‘perfect’ bulldogs and this is why we must all try our best to produce as near perfect as we possibly can. When you attend a dog show you will see that all these beautiful bulldogs were very carefully ‘constructed’. The breeders were aware of what they wanted to produce in puppies and worked long and hard at mating the right female with the right male.

So where do you start? Start by finding a copy of the Official Standard of the Bulldog, as adopted by The Bulldog Club of America, and approved by The American Kennel Club. Then load up on all the books on bulldogs you can find, especially the ones with pictures of show champions. Now study all this material very carefully. Then take a good long look at your female bulldog and compare her to the pictures and standard. Get a pen and paper and make a two column list. Over one column put ‘GOOD’ points and over the other column put ‘POOR’ points. Now start your list.

(example) Begin with the head: does she have a nice large head? yes…then put this on the ‘GOOD’ side. Or is her head a little odd shaped and small? then put this down on the ‘POOR’ side.

Note: A disqualification is a brown or liver colored nose.

When your list is complete, then it will be time to search for the ‘right’ stud. The one who has all the same good qualities as your female, and has the good qualities your female lacks, so as to ‘build’ up your bulldog’s poor qualities and produce puppies to conform to the standard for the breed. Never think that by doubling up on two poor qualities doesn’t matter because the puppies will come out with a double dose of the poor qualities. For example: if your bulldog has a too long body and you breed her to a stud who also has a too long body, guess what you will get…..puppies with much too long bodies!


(the stud dog)

Now that you have evaluated your female bulldog, you may be having second thoughts about the stud dog down the street. Look him over just as carefully as you did your female, and make a list on him too. Also check out his background. Is he good enough? Could be he is perfect….talk to his owner, check his pedigree and ‘do your homework’. After all, these puppies will each carry a registration paper that lists ‘you’ as the breeder. And you don’t need anyone coming to you a year or so down the road and asking questions you cannot answer.

Important questions you must ask the owner of the stud dog: 1. Is he proven? This means has he ever sired a litter of puppies. Were the puppies of good quality? 2. Has he been tested for diseases he could pass on the your female? If not, is the owner willing to go the expense of these simple tests? 3. Is the owner in good standing with The American Kennel Club? very important, this one. Best to check this out yourself. 4. Can the dog breed naturally? If not, who is going to pay for the artificial insemination? And what Veterinarian do you know that can do this for you? 5. Is the owner of the stud willing to share responsibility for the future of the puppies?

It is also very important that the owner of the stud dog be willing to furnish you with the name of his own veterinarian for verification of the health record of the stud. The veterinarian can tell you of any problems the stud dog may have had in the past, that all the vaccinations are up to date, and that the dog is worm free. And be sure the stud dog is free of fleas. These little devils jump around like crazy when the bulldogs are coupled together. In other words, you want a guarantee that the stud dog is as healthy as possible before you let him near your little darling.

If you are seeking stud service from an established breeder, the breeder will demand a recent veterinarian examination, with written backup of this, plus a copy of your female’s registration paper, and that your female is free of fleas and worms. Your veterinarian will know what to write up for you.

STUD SERVICE CONTRACT Insist on a stud service contract. This is your insurance against any problems that could arise out of this transaction. Make sure the Stud Service Contract states the entire agreement between you and the owner of the stud dog. Along with this contract be sure you get a copy of the stud dog’s registration paper and a copy of his pedigree, plus a picture of him. And if at all possible, witness the breedings. Established breeders will welcome you to witness the breedings. They appreciate all the help they can get especially when working with a female who is frightened of the new surroundings and the different people now working with her.

Now when do you breed? First of all the female has to be mature which usually means somewhere between one year and two years. She will let you know by having a good, strong heat cycle. When she begins her cycle, notify the owner of the stud dog. A breeder will tell you when to bring the female for breeding. If you have chosen a first time stud dog (and owner) then contact the veterinarian you plan to use and set a date for the mating.

You will be able to determine if this is a good, strong heat cycle by how receptive your female is toward the male.

If she refuses to have anything to do with him, then you are wasting your time. If she is thrilled to meet him then go for it, the timing should be right.

Due date? This will be the 63rd day after the first mating. This does not mean in any way that that will be the day the pups arrive. It just gives you a rough idea of when to expect the big event. They may come a couple of days prior to the 63rd day date, or they may come on the 63rd day after the last mating.


Costs of raising a litter of Bulldog puppies:
***Please note that these are estimated costs, and low estimates at that, and you may be able to substitute a couple of lower priced items, or make do with some you already have, but do not try to fool yourself into thinking ‘oh, I wont need all that’, you will be mighty proud of yourself when the need arises and you have the item or whatever already at hand. With each new litter of puppies we whelp, we end up purchasing just one or two more things we don’t know how we did without before. When you can sell one puppy for the going price, to lose one due to not being prepared is just uncalled for, and a tremendous loss. So get your check book out and go to town at least two weeks before the pups are due, because you wont be going for at least two weeks after they are born.

STUD FEE $500.00 (or a puppy from the litter produced)
Average C-SECTION costs and follow up on pregnancy $400.00 (if this is your first bulldog pregnancy add at least $l00.00 more to cover the ultra sound and/or xrays)
Now before you ever get to this point you have already made arrangements to take at least one week and hopefully two weeks off from work so you can tend to the babies. Right? Well, better get to it now!

Whelping Box $60.00 if you make it yourself. $100.00 if you purchase one already made.

Dry deck tiles to go under whelping box $50.00

Egg crate foam padding for under blankets and over dry deck tiles (two) $25.00
All cotton flannel sheets, need at least three $18.00 (purchased at discount store)

Old towels, blankets, sheets, etc.

Electric heating pads – two extra large size $60.00

Lava Pak pillows (microwavable) at least two of these $30.00

24 cans Esbillac milk replacer (just in case) $80.00

Simethecon Drops to curb colic and gastric distress $3.00

Nasal Syringe to aspirate puppy who drinks too fast $1.00

Digital thermometers (need two at least) $20.00

Puppy Stat (head start heavy duty nutritional supplement for sick pup) $25.00

Amoxydrops (have on hand just in case you need for sick puppy) $12.00

Baby nail clippers (even newborns sometimes need nails clipped) $1.00

Scales for weighing and monitoring growth (a must have) $40.00

Long distance phone calls to tell all your friends pups have arrived $50.00

Electric power usage for extra heat, fans, etc. $30.00

Chicken to boil and feed new mom (at least 35 pounds) $35.00

Rice for mom when she overeats on chicken $2.00

Beef liver for mom (for iron) at least 20 pounds $20.00

Kaopectate for mom when the diarrhea starts $3.00

Paper towels for all the cleaning up (6 rolls) $9.00

Tissues for wiping mom’s and baby’s hinneys (4 boxes) $4.00

Baby wipes, non alcohol kind, for cleaning babes tummies, hinneys, etc. $3.00

Toys for pups. Keep safety in mind. $5.00

Big teddy bears for pups to snuggle up to. $20.00

Baby cereal for weaning pups. $3.00

Canned evaporated milk for weaning process (12 cans) $6.00

Puppy food (going to need large bag) $40.00

Puppy feeding and watering dishes (flying saucer, stainless preferred) $30.00

Props for taking ‘cute’ pictures at least $20.00

Good 35 mm camera with zoom lens $350.00

Six rolls film $22.00

Film developing with double prints $48.00

Postage for mailing pictures $25.00

Copies of picture of Sire $10.00

Copies of picture of Mom $10.00

Litter Registration $18.00

Soap Powder enough for doing two loads of blankets and towels per day for eight weeks $48.00

When you have bought this, then you will need to switch to Ivory Clear because of allergic reaction by one pup to detergent.

Baby bottles (just in case you need them, have two on hand) $2.00

Preemie baby bottle nipples (the size you will need) $2.00

Cloth diapers for cleaning, drying and keeping small pup warm $10.00

Special Veterinary care for sick puppy $75.00

Nemex 2 (for worming pups and mom, need two bottles) $24.00

Syringes to administer medicine and formula to wee pup $1.00

Basket or box to bring pups home in $10.00

Vaporizer (to add moisture to air in room) $20.00

Monitor set up so you can hear pups from room to room $60.00

Portable Television to help keep you awake during the nights $150.00

If pups are born any other time than extreme summer, you will need large household generator in case the electric power should go out. ($850.00)

Puppy play pen (this is a must if you have more than one pup) $200.00

Baby gates to block off rooms and stairs you don’t want pups to venture into (at least two) $50.00

Wee Wee pads to try and protect your carpets (ha ha ha) $10.00

Vasoline for the chapped rear ends of pups starting to eat on their own $1.00

Cotton Balls tons of these for cleaning hinneys $5.00

Sales contracts in preparation of selling a pup $5.00

Bulldog books to send home with new owners, you can get six for $30.00

Bulldog videos to send home with new owners, you can get six for $12.00

Bulldog Digests to send home with new owners, you can get six for $30.00

Subscription to Bulldog newsletter for each new buyer/owner four would be $48.00

Puppy training leads to send home with new owners, six for $6.00

Stuffed animal toy to send home with new owners, six for $50.00 (so puppy will not be so lonely)

First puppy veterinarian’s examination and shots ($30.00 per pup) four would run $120.00

Newspaper and advertising to announce puppies available $40.00

Long distance calls to check references on prospective buyers $50.00

One special pup you just cannot part with for any reason $1000.00

One special pup you let best friend and neighbor have at bargain price so it can grow up with the one you are keeping $500.00

Total estimated costs : approximately $3250.00 not counting the household generator, nor the pup you decide to keep, nor the discounted one you want to sell to your friend. You will also need to add in the time, your precious time, that you spend taking care of the puppies and the costs of your own doctor and medical bill incurred from throwing your back out of whack from all the bending and lifting that is required. (and if you are really into Bulldogs you will definitely need to think about purchasing a home computer to keep in touch with all the bulldoggers world wide )

Now you are ready to sell that first little darling. Good. But do not, I warn you, rush out and cash the first check you get or spend the cash you received. Better hold on to it for at least a couple of weeks because the new owner may find it necessary to return the puppy and the only ethical thing for you to do is return the money.

Years ago, a top breeder of show bulldogs told me that when she and her husband bought their very first bulldog they owned a nice brick home, paid for, with a swimming pool and a big fancy car that was paid for. Fifteen years later and about that many bulldogs, they had to mortgage the house to the hilt, now drove an old van, and all their money was spent on their bulldogs. This is happening to a lot of us. Bulldogs are just so darn special we have to take care of them.